Pregnancy Symptoms and How to Manage Them

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Dr. Manu Lakshmi

27 Dec 2022

How to manage the Pregnancy Symptoms?

Pregnancy symptoms can be nagging discomforts for some women, on their journey to motherhood. These symptoms are initiated by oestrogen, progesterone and the other hormones of pregnancy. However, these discomforts are not the same as complications of pregnancy. There are tips and home remedies that can manage pregnancy symptoms but I would always take the advice of the gynaecologist near me as every individual and pregnancy is unique and they would have the best knowledge of medical history.

Pregnancy symptoms of nausea and morning sickness

85% of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting associated with rising levels of human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (HCG). These symptoms of nausea and vomiting can be uncomfortable and distressing, but studies show that it indicates normal development of the foetus. Morning sickness usually tapers off by the second trimester.

Foods that are easier to digest are suggested and spicy, greasy, or fried foods that are harder to digest should be avoided. An empty stomach could make nausea worse and hence, snacking throughout the day can help. Plenty of fluids such as water, ginger ale, lemonade and clear tea are ways to include fluids that control nausea. Make sure to get at least six to eight cups of fluids daily. If unable to drink, retain fluids, or are losing weight, reach out to the gynaecologist.

Pregnancy symptoms of dizziness 

There are many reasons that cause dizziness and light-headedness during pregnancy. In early pregnancy, there is an increased growth of blood vessels while during the later stages of pregnancy, the pressure of the heavier uterus on blood vessels and the increased demand for food can all  contribute to symptoms of light-headedness and dizziness throughout pregnancy.

If symptoms of feeling dizzy are felt during pregnancy, standing for too long should be avoided and advisable to always stand up slowly. To lie on the left side and to take deep breaths can relive feeling light headed. To ensure adequate intake of calories, avoiding long gaps between eats and increased hydration can avoid dizzy feeling. Highly advisable to reach out to the best hospital for gynaecology  on feeling faint along with other signs of vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain.

Pregnancy symptoms of fatigue 

It is normal to feel tired during pregnancy even after a lot of sleep and it is the body’s way of saying that it needs more rest. Fatigue is usually replaced with a feeling of wellbeing and energy in the second trimester but exhaustion and tiredness often sets in again with sleep becoming more difficult in the third trimester. This disturbance in sleep could be because of baby’s weight and movements, bathroom runs, leg cramps and an increase in the body’s metabolism.

Good sleep habits that include minimising digital devices, avoiding harsh light and allowing the mind to be clear before bed, help in getting enough sleep and to overcome feelings of fatigue. Magnesium, calcium and vitamin D3 taken as supplements during pregnancy, work as sleep agents to support relaxation and more restful sleep. Prenatal vitamin and iron supplements work as best defence against fatigue.

Pregnancy symptoms of constipation 

Increasing levels of progesterone during pregnancy, can slow down digestion, relax muscles in the bowels that make them to move more slowly and lead to constipation. Taking iron supplements can often cause constipation or increase the risk of constipation during pregnancy. Having hard, dry stools, fewer than three bowel movements per week and painful bowel movements are the signs of constipation.

To help with constipation, regular exercise, drinking eight to ten glasses of water each day, avoiding caffeine and eating fibre-rich foods like whole grains, fruits and vegetables or fibre supplements if required are recommended by best gynaecologist in Chennai. Gentle laxatives are also safe ways to increase regular bowel movements during pregnancy.

Pregnancy symptoms of aches and pains

Uterus expands and extends out of the pelvis, as the foetus grows. The ligaments get stretched with increasing size and weight of the foetus. Sharp, shooting, or jabbing pain can extend from the sides of the belly down to the labia/vagina while walking or exercising, or at night after prolonged standing/walking during the day.

Sleeping with a pregnancy pillow or an ordinary soft pillow placed under the belly in a side lying position can provide support while resting. Yoga, stretching or working with a physical therapist who specializes in prenatal care can help manage common pains and aches during pregnancy.

Pregnancy symptoms of indigestion and heart burn

Pregnancy hormones slow down the muscles of the digestive tract, affecting slow movement of food and indigestion. Hormones levels being on the rise, it relaxes stomach valve, allowing acid to reflux in to the oesophagus, causing heart burn. In addition to this, the slow moving bowels allow the acid to stay for longer in the stomach, causing irritation of the stomach lining. The growing uterus also applies pressure on the stomach, aggravating the acid to be pushed from the stomach up into the oesophagus.

Eating small frequent meals slowly can usually manage heartburn during pregnancy. and try eating smaller, more frequent meals. Avoiding fatty, fried and spicy foods also helps in keeping the stomach acids down. Avoiding anything to eat or drink close to bedtime, not to lie down right after meals and allowing at least 60 minutes for the food to digest before going to bed can relieve any acid reflux and prevent indigestion. I would visit the gynaecology clinic near me for any medications that could control excess heart burn.

Other symptoms of pregnancy

Some other common pregnancy discomforts that can be easily managed may include:

  • Breast changes 
  • Spotting
  • Craving for certain foods, while disliking other foods
  • Mixed emotional feelings
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Swelling of feet and legs
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Varicose veins
  • Skin and hair changes 

Signs during pregnancy that might raise an alarm for immediate medical attention from the best gynaecologist in Chennai would include high blood pressure, anaemia, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and vaginal bleeding. 

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Disclaimer: The content of this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem, and should not be used as a substitute for a visit with a healthcare professional. If you have questions or concerns or you feel that you have symptoms regarding a health or medical condition, you are recommended to contact your physician or get in touch with for proper treatment.

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