Hysterectomy: Purpose, Procedure, and Risks

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Dr. Manu Lakshmi

30 Jan 2023

A hysterectomy is a medical procedure that involves the complete or partial removal of a woman’s uterus. This surgery is done to treat cancer, fibroids, and endometriosis. It is often the last option after other treatments have been unsuccessful. Although hysterectomies are safe and effective procedures when performed by the best gynaecologist for fibroids removal in Chennai, there are still some risks. After hysterectomy patients are unable to conceive or menstruate. The patients occasionally could also go through early menopause. 

Types of Hysterectomy 

The most common type of hysterectomy is a total hysterectomy which involves removing the uterus and cervix. It is suggested to treat uterine fibroids, endometriosis, cancer of the ovaries or uterus, chronic pelvic pain, or abnormal vaginal bleeding. The removal of both organs helps prevent the recurrence of these conditions. 

Another type of hysterectomy is a subtotal or partial hysterectomy which only removes the upper part of the uterus while leaving the cervix in place. This type of hysterectomy is often used in the treatment of endometriosis, fibroids, or cancer. A radical trachelectomy is a subtotal hysterectomy that removes the entire uterus as well as the cervix and nearby lymph nodes. 

Possible complications

One of the reasons for the hysterectomy is fibroids, the non-cancerous tumours that grow in and around the uterus which can cause extreme pain and heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles, and in rare cases can lead to anaemia or infertility. Uncontrollable uterine fibroids have the potential to develop into tumours. In such conditions, make sure to visit for Fibroids removal in Chennai for treatment.

Uterine prolapse, endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, and adenomyosis are other common reasons for undergoing a hysterectomy. In some cases, it may be recommended as part of cancer treatment if tumours have spread to the uterus or surrounding organs. 


A hysterectomy can be performed as either an open or laparoscopic approach, depending on the individual’s circumstances and health history. During an open hysterectomy, the abdomen is opened with a single incision and the uterus is removed through that same incision. In comparison, during a laparoscopic hysterectomy, several small incisions are made in the abdomen and slender instruments are passed through these openings to remove the uterus. 

In the case of uterine fibroids, the purpose of a hysterectomy is to remove the entire uterus including the tissue that houses the fibroids so they can no longer cause discomfort or other health issues. If left untreated, these growths have been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage and preterm labour in pregnant women. Thus, it is strongly suggested to consult an experienced gynaecologist for the best fibroid removal surgery in Chennai. 

Risks Of Hysterectomy

Even though the surgery is considered safe, there may be some risks involved with a hysterectomy-

  • Infection and bleeding at the surgical site or Heavy haemorrhage
  • Damage to the intestines, blood vessels, surrounding tissues,  or urinary system
  • Digestion issues
  • Alterations in libido
  • Signs of anxiety or sadness

Thus, To receive the highest quality care and safe treatment options, visit the best urogynecologist in Chennai.

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Disclaimer: The content of this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem, and should not be used as a substitute for a visit with a healthcare professional. If you have questions or concerns or you feel that you have symptoms regarding a health or medical condition, you are recommended to contact your physician or get in touch with chennaigynecologist.com for proper treatment.

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