Vaginal health is maintained by the pH balance of the vagina. A pH below 7 is acidic. The normal vaginal pH ranges less than 4.5. A high pH may cause infections by allowing unhealthy bacteria and yeast to live and multiply.

Abnormal vaginal discharge may be yellow, green or chunky inconsistency. They are foul-smelling and can often signify a yeast or bacterial infection.

Some of the common STDs include gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis, and HPV.

Women can contract sexually transmitted diseases or infections through sexual contact which not only includes intercourse but also oral-genital contact, use of sex toys and even kissing.

Yes, a small proportion of patients (1%) experience menopause before the age of 40. These patients are said to have primary ovarian insufficiency and are associated with certain unknown genetic factors.

Menopause signals the end of your menstrual cycle. You can be usually diagnosed with menopause if you have not had any periods for 12-months. Most women, especially of Indian origin achieve menopause by 50 years of age.

Retrograde menstrual flow is likely the cause of endometriosis. Some of the tissues shed during the period flows through the Fallopian tube into the other areas of the body. Genetic factors are also one of the causes of endometriosis.

Your gynaecologist will use a speculum to open up the vaginal wall to get a good look of your cervical region. Your cervix will be washed using a vinegar-based solution to help with the better visualisation of abnormal cells. Your doctor may suggest a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancerous cells if there are any present.

A colposcopy is used to diagnose cervical cancer, genital warts, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer. This test helps your doctor to get a close look at your cervix.

Bringing regularity to your menstrual periods through effort, control of pain, managing your endometriosis (if any), removing uterine fibroids, use of 5-year-intra-uterine contraception can be suggested by your doctor. Your gynaecologist/gynecologist will advise you to maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoiding smoking and alcohol, keeping your BMI under 25, following the recommended treatment.

Contraceptive pills, uterine fibroids condition like PCOS, endometriosis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), stress and unhealthy lifestyle habits can be causing your irregular periods.

A uterus removal surgery is otherwise known as a hysterectomy. It is a procedure wherein the uterus of the woman is removed for various medical reasons. This procedure can be done with different techniques, in some instances both the uterus, ovaries and/or the Fallopian tube is removed in total.

They are usually smooth muscle cells and connective tissue that develop in the uterus. They are diagnosed using ultrasound, MRI or hysteroscopy.

They are diagnosed using an ultrasound examination. Some functional cysts may disappear on their own, some may require oral contraceptive pills, and some larger ones usually require diagnostic laparoscopy.

They are fluid-filled sacs in the ovary and are common. They usually form during ovulation and are asymptomatic. The cysts are usually harmless and are classified into pathological and functional cysts.

Some essential tips to follow during early pregnancy include

  • Eating a good balanced diet that contains lots of fruits and vegetables
  • Regularly visiting your Gynecologist for monthly scans to monitor the babies development
  • Taking the right iron and folic acid medications regularly
  • Completely quitting alcohol, smoking and also junk food
  • To do moderate physical activity as advised by the gynaecologist

  • Irregular periods
  • PCOS
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterus removal
  • Infertility
  • Menopause management

A PAP smear is usually best done in the middle of the monthly menstrual cycle, about 10 to 15 days after the last menstrual bleed. Recent recommendations suggest that PAP smear can be done by the age of 21, and thereafter once in 3 years till 29 years of age.

Women with endometriosis usually complain of a sharp throbbing pain with a sensation of having their insides pulled especially during the menstrual cycle. Women with endometriosis also suffer from fertility problems.

Most women may not experience much during the early days of pregnancy. However, at 4 -8 weeks of pregnancy you may experience bloating, mood swings, nausea and other symptoms.

Your Gynecologist will count your pregnancy usually from the 1st day of your last period. Your periods might have actually not started for over a week, but that actually means you could be 4 weeks pregnant. The baby at this stage is usually the size of a poppy seed!
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Disclaimer: The content of this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem, and should not be used as a substitute for a visit with a healthcare professional. If you have questions or concerns or you feel that you have symptoms regarding a health or medical condition, you are recommended to contact your physician or get in touch with chennaigynecologist.com for proper treatment.

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