Endometriosis treatment: Facts you must know

Endometriosis affects an estimate of every 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years. It is mostly diagnosed in women aged 25 to 35 years.

What is Endometriosis


Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines inside of the uterus
actually tends to grow outside the uterus. The endometriosis tissue can
technically grow on the birthing tubes, ovaries and other regions of the female
reproductive system.                            

What causes Endometriosis?

Retrograde menstruation is a possible cause of endometriosis. During “Retrograde Menstruation”, the menstrual blood containing the cells of the endometrial, flow out through the Fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity.

With repeated back-flow, these cells tend to stick to the walls and continue to thicken,shed, and bleed.

Most patients develop endometriosis several years after their menstrual cycle begins. Endometriosis usually disappears during pregnancy or menopause.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

When a woman has endometriosis,
the tissue starts to thicken, break
down, and bleed just as a normal
endometrium would inside the uterus
with each menstrual period.

  • Cramping in lower back and abdomen during menstrual cycle.
  • Pain during urination or bowel movements
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Irregular period cycles

Endometriosis Treatment

Endometriosis Diagnosis

  • Pelvic exam
  • Ultrasound scan
  • Laparoscopy

Endometriosis proceeds with

  • Pain medications
  • Hormone medications
  • Progestins

Surgical treatment

The biggest issue with endometriosis is the recurrence with treatment.
Laparoscopic removal may be helpful with selective patients where there is
severe pain. A thorough removal of the endometriosis tissue can help in
easing symptoms and sometimes can also help overcome fertility based

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