Common Gynecological Issues: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

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Dr. Manu Lakshmi

13 Oct 2023

Causes of Common Gynaecological Issues:

Gynaecological issues are medical problems that affect the female reproductive system. There are many different kinds of gynaecological issues and the most common of them are the following:

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

PCOS is a condition in which the ovaries produce a larger amount of androgens, male sex hormones than is usually present in women. Numerous small cysts develop in the ovaries.

  • Fibroids:

Fibroids are tumours that grow within the wall of the uterus. They can grow either as a single tumour, or as many tumours.

  • Endometriosis:

Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue along the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. It causes pain in the pelvis and decreases fertility.

  • Dysmenorrhea:

Dysmenorrhea is when a woman’s menstrual periods become painful. The pain typically occurs immediately before your period and reduces after a few days.

The causes of each of these conditions are:

  • PCOS:

PCOS is often caused by insulin resistance. This condition prevents the body from using insulin well. Insulin levels therefore grow in the body and this causes higher androgen levels. 

PCOS may also be hereditary.

  • Fibroids:

Fibroids are caused by more than one factor. The causes could be:



  • Endometriosis:

Endometriosis is caused by retrograde menstruation. This is a type of menstruation in which menstrual blood that contains endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity during periods.

  • Dysmenorrhea:

Menstrual cramps happen when a prostaglandin makes your uterus tighten. This is why you feel cramping and discomfort. Prostaglandin levels increase right before menstruation starts. 

Symptoms of Common Gynaecological Issues:

The common gynaecological issues have symptoms, some of which are common to all of them, and some of which are unique to them. The following are the symptoms that each of these issues create:

  • PCOS:

Missed, irregular or very light periods.

Ovaries that have many cysts.

Weight gain, especially around the abdomen.

Hair loss or hair thinning.


  • Fibroids:

Excessive bleeding and painful periods.

Feeling of heaviness in the pelvis.

Urinary incontinence.

Painful sex.

Pregnancy complications.

  • Endometriosis:

Chronic pelvic pain.

Heavy bleeding during or between periods.


Bloating or nausea.



  • Dysmenorrhea:

If you have painful periods, you may feel:

Aching, throbbing pain in your abdomen (pain may be severe at times).

Feeling of pressure in your abdomen.

Pain in your hips, lower back and inner thighs.

Other symptoms like nausea, dizziness and headaches.


Treatments for the following diseases:

  • PCOS:

If you intend to become pregnant, your treatment may be the following:

A different diet and increased physical activity. 

Both can help you lose weight, thereby reducing your symptoms. They can also reduce your body’s insulin resistance and lower blood glucose levels.

Medications to induce ovulation.

Medications can help the ovaries release eggs in a normal fashion. There are also certain risks to medications. The ovaries may release too many hormones. These medications can also cause abdominal bloating and pelvic pain.

If you want to avoid pregnancy, your treatment may include:

Birth control pills.

These pills control menstrual cycles and lower androgen levels.

Diabetes medication. 

Diabetes medication can lower insulin resistance. Therefore, it can help reduce androgen levels, slow hair growth, and regulate your ovulations.

  • Fibroids:


Medication may be suggested to you for any mild symptoms of fibroids. Over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen are often used for mild pain.


If your fibroids have moderate or severe symptoms, surgery may be one way to treat them. Myomectomy and hysterectomy are two of the most commonly used surgeries for fibroids. In a myomectomy, only the fibroids are removed but the uterus remains within the woman’s body. In a hysterectomy, the uterus itself is removed.

  • Endometriosis:


Several medications can help manage endometriosis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics (painkillers) like ibuprofen and naproxen can treat pain.

  • Dysmenorrhea:


Pain relievers such as NSAIDs are often the first treatment for this issue. NSAIDs include medications like ibuprofen or naproxen.

Hormonal birth control is another treatment. Hormonal medications tend to create less pain during menstruation.

If you have any of these gynaecological issues, then you should come to the Chennai Gynaecology Clinic for treatment. We have treatments for many of these issues such as irregular periods treatment in Chennai. We know how to treat any issue of yours.

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Disclaimer: The content of this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem, and should not be used as a substitute for a visit with a healthcare professional. If you have questions or concerns or you feel that you have symptoms regarding a health or medical condition, you are recommended to contact your physician or get in touch with for proper treatment.

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